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My Pre_Y2K Chapter on the Twelve- Gauge Shotgun.  Don't let the date bother you.  This represents a good over-view of how the beginning hunter or survivalist might start.  Also represented are mistakes I made in coming along.  This is original material, and you may share it as you will, including the source links.



Chapter 14 the Twelve Gauge Shotgun



       Now, this could get me in trouble with people. It is a specific recommendation. This is not intended to be gospel, but just what the LORD has led me. Please don't be in fear.


       I have a used, twelve-gauge shotgun that I bought from a pawn shop. It is in good condition, and I have a shorter "slug" barrel and a longer "hunting barrel". I had to special order the shorter barrel from one of those camping-hunting catalogs. Came right through the mail.


       The shotgun is probably one of the most destructive weapons around. You don't need a background check (you didn't when this was written,) to buy it and you can usually buy the game loads right off of an open shelf. They usually keep the buckshot behind a locked counter. There is no better weapon for home, self defense, than a short barreled shotgun loaded with #4 buck. The advantage here is that the pellets will not penetrate through walls and hit someone else. I am no longer "up" on the specifics, but I believe there are about twenty pellets the size of a twenty-two caliber bullet in each round.


       There are federal regulations that cover both barrel length and over-all shotgun length. I never have recommended disobeying any law, and will not start now. If you cut the barrel or the stock short you may be breaking federal laws. Be aware of that. I have a pistol grip for mine but prefer the full stock.


       A slug barrel is just over eighteen inches (again, this is from memory, the specifics may be off. The barrel is both short and legal.) You get a better pattern and less kick with the short barrel. The pellets spread out better, wider. Number four buckshot only spreads out to about the size of a fist in an average, twenty-foot room. At thirty-feet it hits every vital area on the torso of a man.


       Don't mess around with the longer length shotgun ammunition. You don't need a lot of "punch" with self defense loads. I once shot some twelve-gauge magnum loads using my pistol grip. My hand hurt for two days. You are not hunting geese, which fly high in the air. If you are going to need a shotgun for self defense, you will use it at close range. (One consideration I have is keeping ear plugs around. The report of a shotgun in a closed room will deafen you for a couple of hours.)


       I might as well say this now. If you shoot someone with a shotgun you are going to kill them. They are not toys. Shooting someone at close range with a shotgun is a death sentence. It is just that serious. You had better be in the LORD and have allowed HIM to clean you out before you even buy one.


     What started this letter was working with some stored twelve-gauge ammunition tonight. Ammunition boxes come in two common sizes. There is a smaller, narrow size and a wider, stockier one. They are commonly the same length. You don't want the ones that hold ammunition for machine guns. I doubt you could pick them up if full.


     This is what the LORD wants me to write about. A minimum firearm provision would be a twelve gauge shotgun with at least two hundred rounds of ammunition. In my box there about two hundred rounds and one jar of desiccant. The box is the larger, stockier type. You can grab it quickly and take it with you. Half of the box is buckshot, and most of it is number-four buck. The other half consists of game loads. They are mostly "high brass", also called express. That means there is a lot of powder in the rounds. Number Six or Number Seven will work for most varmints and small game. I am told that even that will work for self defense at close, and I mean close, range.


       The other day after work the Lord told me to start buying some 12 gauge shotgun ammunition from places like KMart and WalMart. Just buy whatever is easy to get either laying out, or across the counter. Wound up with three boxes of rifled slugs for the shotgun and four boxes of Federal Premium buckshot. The Federal buckshot says it is in a magnum configuration. I always buy 2 3\4 length. That is preferable for self-defense. You don't need it at long range and the more power it has the more chance to have stray pellets going through walls. You want to stop only what you are aiming at.

       Even though the box says "Magnum" they are not three inch magnum. There are twenty thirty - caliber pellets in these "Number-One-Buck" rounds. My belief is that is what makes it a magnum load. There are more pellets and more powder. They are still not three - inch magnum shotgun shells.


      "Number-Four-Buck" is a self-defense load. They have about twenty-or-so twenty-two pellets in each load. The intent of the Lords' heart, that I was getting, was that He wanted to teach me about self- defense loads directly. I have heard others' say that the 9 millimeter hand-gun I bought did not have enough stopping power. When the Father had me buy the rifled slugs He pointed out that they should have more knock-down power than the largest hand-gun.



       Below are the relative sizes and pellet numbers of buckshot loads. They say that the best home defense weapon is the short-barreled shotgun. For home defense you want the 2 3\4 inch sizes, and not "magnum" of any sort.


       You want a relatively low-powered shotgun load for close-in self defense. Some people say that at a range of six feet even "bird shot" will act like a typical hand-gun load.


       Most self-defense people recommend No. 4 Buckshot, which has the equivalent of twenty, twenty-two caliber bullets in each round.


       You might consider using No. 1 Buckshot, with the equivalent of sixteen thirty-caliber bullets.

Self - defense Buckshot

No 000 buck 36 caliber, 9.14 mm, about nine pellets called "triple ought"

No 00 buck 33 caliber, 8.38 mm, about twelve pellets called "double ought"


No 2 buck 27 caliber, 6.86 mm

No 3 buck 25 caliber, 6.35 mm,



For Keith in Wilkesboro, and any others interested:

Sizes of shot and their uses

Ducks, 4, 5, 6

Geese, BB, 2, 4

Pheasant, 4, 5, 6, 7 1/2

Quail, 7 1/2, 8, 9

Dove and Pigeon, 6, 7 1/2, 8, 9

Rabbit, 4, 5, 6, 7 1/2

Squirrel, 4, 5, 6

Grouse and Partridge, 5, 6, 7 1/2, 8

Turkey, BB, 2, 4, 5, 6


       Lord is leading me to write again about the shotgun. For someone who is not practiced, and probably for everyone who is, the twelve - gauge is the single best self defense weapon. Let's head into this and see where the LORD leads.


       Note that I am hardly a hunter. My interest in the twelve gauge is only for self defense and small animal killing.


        Using a "slug" in the shotgun can be effective. The slug is about one ounce of lead, and works out to about 73 caliber. A 44 caliber bullet is .44 of an inch. The twelve gauge .729 of an inch. Caliber is the measurement of the bore of the weapon. Watch for over penetration when using slugs.


        People recommend number four buck as a self-defense load. Each shell contains about twenty pellets about the size of a 22 bullet. Very effective round. One advantage is that any stray pellets will probably not go through the wall (over - penetration,) and hit an innocent bystander in the next room. In a self defense situation, that is likely to be someone in your family.


       Yesterday Eddie and I found some 000 buck. That is triple-ought buck shot. Really a bear load, it contains eight pellets close in size to most pistol rounds. Each shot is like shooting someone eight times with a pistol.


       Personally, about half my self - defense shotgun shells are number four buck and half are double ought buck. Triple ought buck is hard to find. If I have some of that, I usually keep it loaded in my shotgun in case of need for self-defense.


       The shotgun I use has an eighteen-and-one-half-inch barrel. That is one-half inch above legal length. The barrel is a slug barrel, but is not rifled. Shotguns are really direct descendants of the old "blunder- busses." They used to load nails, rocks, bits of glass into them and fire that at the enemy. Modern shotgun pellets do the same thing. Shorter barrels mean larger resulting patterns of pellets. Means they spread out more on the way to the target. You wind up with a cloud of lead flying at your target.


       From one end of your house to the other, the pattern would hit every vital area on a man, using number four buck. At ten feet the pattern is about the size of your fist. Shorter barrels also mean less recoil. As well, you want the 2 3/4 inch shells, not the larger ones. For self-defense you don't want the high-powered rounds. Swat teams use even lower powered shotgun rounds for anti-personnel.


      I will reproduce the pellet size chart sent out the other day. Recommend a number four SHOT for small varmint killing. That means stopping little pests from getting into your crops, or whatever. A good choice is pheasant load. These are high - brass, meaning they have as much powder behind them as the self -defense buck shot recommended above.


       I am told that even loads of this type will equal any pistol round. That is, if fired from a twelve - gauge at about ten feet away.



Pauls Guns Manual




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The day I came to the LORD, before I knew what a vision was, I saw myself walking through a devastated United States of America.  You need to accept Jesus as LORD and make what preparations He would have you make.  This site has basic only, survival information, hence the name Survival Primer, or beginning teaching book.  Most of the information has been gleaned from the internet.  The entire site, Survival and Christian, is saved to a single CD disk  that you can own.   The Christian teaching is from my church, and is original to it.  God has changed my life through the ministry of my church. God will change yours, through Jesus Christ, if you let Him.  My prayer is that God lead you into all truth, and that the abiding love that is expressed through His Son, Jesus Christ, come to rule and abide and infill your life, perfectly. Paul.


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