How to Purify Drinking Water
Boiling is the preferred way to purify water. Bring water to a rolling
boil for 3-5 minutes, keeping in mind that some water will evaporate.
Let the water cool before drinking.
Boiled water will taste better if you put oxygen back into it by
pouring the water back and forth between two clean containers. This
will also improve the taste of stored water.
When boiling water is not possible, filter water, letting particles
settle out. Pour off clear water. Add regular household liquid bleach
(5.25% sodium hypochlorite, such as Clorox bleach -- not scented or
color safe), as follows:
4 drops regular liquid bleach per quart of water
16 drops regular liquid bleach per gallon of water
1 teaspoon regular liquid bleach per 5 gallons of water
Mix well; wait 30 minutes. Water should have a slight bleach odor. If
not, repeat and wait 15 more minutes.
Cindy, two food links to products I have used, if you may be interested
military style, but actually civilian oriented meals in packs with its own heater.
very good, surprisingly tasty, coffee good, et cetera. a little pricey but they keep - said to keep 5 years
sealed and dried meals in packets and in their own bucket
the food is great, and tasty, and easy to make in boiling hot water in ten minutes
to me they don't have enough nutrition, for full supply, and I would have some canned vegetables to add to their mixes.
this food is better than I can make- (not saying much) - said to keep 25 years
SOME people just get extra canned goods, and eat some out of their stocks, and rotate them.
Not actually intended as an action of fear, storing some extra food makes you rest a little.
DO consider extra toilette paper and as they say feminine needs.
Camping , or so called, Field, Water Filter
Part of an article from my site,
complete version is under the link
Why you need water filtration. the Katadyn filter linked is about the best field water filter.
I have household ones, can not afford this one-
point is thirteen thousand gallon capacity is more than anyone else has, and for the money you are getting much more capability than cheaper ones.
link from my site about getting water in the field
When you see a clear mountain stream flowing with water from melted glacial snow, are you tempted to take a big drink of that cold water?
You may want to think twice about drinking water without filtering or purifying it when you learn what could be in your water that you can't
"Giardia is a disease caused by a one-celled parasite with the scientific name Giardia lamblia. The disease is characterized by intestinal symptoms that usually last one week or more and may be accompanied by one or more of the following: diarrhea, abdominal cramps, bloating, flatulence, fatigue, weight loss, and sometimes vomiting and fever," (Dennis D. Juranek, Chief, Epidemiology Activity Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control). There are drugs available to treat these symptoms, but prevention and precaution by filtering and purifying your water is by far the best medicine.
Another nasty parasite found in water is called Cryptosporidia. "Cryptosporidium are a genus of protozoan parasites that cause intestinal as well as pancreatic, bile duct, hepatic, and respiratory illnesses in mammals. Protozoa are single-celled organisms which are
closer to bacteria than to viruses. Cryptosporidium parvum is believed to be the only member of the Cryptosporidium genus that causes disease in humans. It has an unusual life-cycle, as it is able to reproduce both sexually and asexually. It is protected by a shell which renders
it immune to most disinfectants. It can only reproduce inside a live host and is exceptionally resistant to chlorine, even at concentrations found in bleach." (Current and Owen, 1989; Current and Garcia 1991; McAnulty et al., 1994).
(they say all streams and water bodies in this country have the above pests.)
Cheaper than dirt - link to the field water filter
$319.97 appears to be the best out there
Katadyn Pocket Water Microfilter Endurance 10" Tall 20 ounces
Specifications and features:
Katadyn Endurance series Pocket water filter
13,000 gallon capacity
50,000 liter capacity
~ 1 quart per minute output
~ 1 liter per minute output
0.2 micron ceramic depth filter
Ceramic filter can be cleaned
Measuring gauge indicates when to change filter element
Round pump handle
Outlet hose can be attached to a water container
Aluminum, stainless steel, silicone, and ceramic construction materials
The tried and tested ceramic depth filter removes bacteria, protozoa and other disease-causing agents.
Reduces chemicals and radioactive particles
Silver impregnated ceramic filter element
For one to four people
For long term extreme use and trekking
10" x 2.4"
Includes prefilter, bottle clip, and carry bag
Weighs 20 ounces
Katadyn's Pocket water filter is suggested for expeditions, camps, and professional use. It is designed for long lasting continuous use, even under extreme conditions. The silver impregnated ceramic element is effective against bacteria and protozoa. The Katadyn Pocket filter is suitable for tough conditions and extreme adventures.
Katadyn water filters are specifically designed to make safe drinking water from almost any water source. Ideal for travel, camping or disaster kits, we have the filtration system to meet your needs. Highest quality Swiss manufacturing ensures the level of protection you require from a Pocket Microfilter. Most rugged, longest lasting microfilter is made of heavy duty materials and is ideal for long lasting continuous use under extreme circumstances. The silver and ceramic filter element is effective against bacteria and protozoa and can produce 1 quart of water per minute. Total capacity is up to 13,000 gallons, depending on water quality. Includes hoses, prefilter, bottle clip, hydration connector, measuring gauge, cleaning pad and carry bag. Very portable at only 10" tall and 20 ounces.
This is an at- home emergency water
filter system, not using power
Doulton water filters
I have the separate candles, now a lot more expensive, with tubes, all I need is a container to put the water in, and another to catch it, and you siphon from one to the other
means you do not need power
is the link from my site
individual candles are ten dollars or so more than they were in 1999. several links from the above link. You need a roll of Teflon tape such as plumbers use to help seal the threads
http://www.purewaterproducts.com/gravity.htm correction still about what I paid. the links work from this page, surprising, in light of how long ago I posted it
Call me with any questions. Need to work up a photo of what I have
Teflon tape links, apparently a misnomer
you can find thread sealing tape or what is commonly called Teflon tape in any hardware store.
as an addition, I added some extra tubing in my kit, in case needed. just slides over the white tube, it being low-pressure
Good, cheaper system, but you can not carry it to the field
Have fun writing about all this, again.
How long do you store for? First thing is ask the LORD to lead you.
couple of facts
The Army considers the first thirty days the "initial cauterization" or minimal time period you should expect to have to stay inside after a nuclear attack.
They also state that if you get even temporary cover for the first week you will avoid as much radiation exposure as you will get the rest of your life in that area.
My storage at present.
I personally could go a couple of months, if I stop getting into my stores. The figure one gallon of water per person for day and I have forty gallons of clean water
and about the same amount of just any water for flushing the toilette. I have some at home water filters at present and the Yadkin River is just below me.
I have sufficient firepower and ammo to go about three years or so of hunting. Maybe a lot longer depending.
Point is any amount of preparation gives you a little edge. Have propped one of those blue barrels of water up a couple of times during the years for drinking, and have
used my so called gray water to flush the toilette during winter power outages.
have eaten the old fashioned MRE food packs like I linked to and they are tough on your system. I mean at the bathroom end.
The packets called MREs I linked actually gave me good bowel movements- and that is having already eaten the cookies and nuts, and dried fruits separately. (If you get into your MRE meals, you wind up raiding them all)
http://www.cheaperthandirt.com/MRE520-1.html link I gave you- food was very good and did not bind you up. ( may be indelicate but an important point)
I have seen it written that a person should not eat the MREs on a continual basis for more than 21 days.
Maybe the best way
maybe the best way is to do a little at a time. I think I spent about five hundred dollars when I had it to spare building up a little stored food. Have not even mentioned that many people start by just buying extra canned good like they usually eat. Every little bit could help. I would shoot for a week, then a month, or then a couple of months. Some say you need to store six months to a year of food. Have not talked about power or light, but should say still have a milk crate of candles from 1999 I bought at a quarter each.
Just a thought for now, and the best is just ask the LORD to show you what you need to do, and when, and how. He will.