Now that we are essentially in an ongoing cold war, do you know what to do in the event of a nuclear attack? It’s a question that many people don’t think about, but it’s important to be prepared for all sorts of emergencies. If a ground level nuclear strike were to occur, would you know where to go? A nuclear event can occur with or without warning.
What if you were away from home, and couldn’t make it to any domestic shelters to gain protection in time?
In this blog post, we will discuss domestic nuclear shelters and how they can help protect you and your family in the event of an attack. Understand that a nuclear blast, like other bomb blasts, will cause significant damage and casualties. The blast will be very large and generate a lot of pressure, heat, and radiation, especially in the fallout. This will result in both short term and long term contamination hazards.
Domestic Nuclear Shelters Provide Protection from Nuclear Fallout.
Fallout is the radioactive material that is ejected into the air from nuclear explosions, along with the dense material from commercial buildings, residential housing, vehicles, and vegetation after a nuclear detonation. It can contaminate the ground, water, and food and it can cause serious health effects if you are exposed to it. Nuclear shelters built with proper technical guidance can help protect you from the radiation emitted by the bomb and will provide a safe place to stay until the fallout has dissipated.
If you live in an area that is at risk of a nuclear attack, it’s important to have a plan in place. If you don’t have access to any nuclear shelters, now is the time to get one. With the threat of nuclear war looming, it’s better to be safe than sorry. Don’t wait until it’s too late; get at least a basic shelter if not a full-blown bunker today!
Nuclear Shelters in Cities
Think about it. Would you be prepared if a nuclear attack happened in your city? It’s a scary thought, and it is something humans never really intended to happen, but the reality is that it could happen. That’s why it’s important to have a plan in place, and one of the best ways to do that is by having a domestic shelter. In this blog post, we will discuss what a private domestic shelter is, as well as the different types of buildings and shelters that are available. We will also talk about how to choose the right one for your needs, some of the costs, and some of the benefits of having one.
Nuclear Shelters in Rural Areas
When it comes to the prospect of a nuclear attack, most people think of crowded cities which are full of people who would be affected. However, what about all of those people who live in rural areas? What about those who are far away from any major city? If a nuclear attack were to take place, they would be just as vulnerable as anyone else. That’s why it’s important to have access to domestic nuclear shelters and form plans to take cover in advance of any event. In rural areas, domestic nuclear shelters or bunkers may also have other uses.
Types of Shelters
A good shelter can provide you and your family with a safe place to wait out a nuclear attack, and they can be lifesavers in the event of a nuclear disaster. There are many different types of nuclear shelters, but the most common is an underground shelter or bunker. These shelters are typically built out of concrete or metal and they are designed to withstand a nuclear blast. They often have filters that can remove radiation from the air, and they usually have enough food and water to last for several weeks.
Another type of protection is an above-ground heavy duty shelter. These shelters are usually made out of wood or metal, and they are not as durable as underground shelters. However, they can be easier to build and they may be a better option for those who live in rural areas.
You need to have some room on your property, preferably near your house, to build one, or identify a suitable building or bunker nearby that you will have rights to use. That way, if there is a nuclear attack, you’ll know exactly where to go and how to get there. Below is more detail on these types of nuclear shelters.
Build to Order Nuclear Bunkers
Build to order bunkers are usually made out of concrete or steel, and they are designed to withstand a nuclear blast. They provide excellent cover and often have ventilation pipes with filters that can remove radiation from the air.
There are a few things to consider when choosing from available domestic nuclear shelters, such as the size of the shelter, the location, and the type of shelter. It is important to choose a shelter that is large enough to accommodate everyone in your family, and it is also important to choose a shelter that is located in an area that is not likely to be affected by a nuclear attack. There are many different types of nuclear shelters available, so it is important to do some research and get good advice before making a decision. With so many options available, there is sure to be a shelter available that meets your needs
Building Your Own Nuclear Shelters
If you’re interested in building your own bunker style nuclear shelter, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First, you need to make sure that your bunker is big enough to comfortably accommodate everyone in your family, as well as others. Second, you need to choose a location that is away from any potential nuclear targets. And third, you need to make sure that your shelter is well-stocked.
There are a number of different ways to build nuclear shelters, so you’ll need to do some research to figure out which option is best for you. But if you’re willing to put in the time and effort, building your own nuclear shelter can be a great way to protect your family in the event of a nuclear attack.
How to Implement a Multi-Purpose Safe Room in the Home, 5th Edition.
Americans are totally unprepared for the effects of war, radioactivity, long periods without utilities or modern communications, and the ensuing social unrest. But you can be prepared. In this do-it-yourself guide you will find designs, instructions and resources to help you plan out, build and outfit a high security shelter or fortified closet within an existing house to guard against some or all of these threats.
Stocking Nuclear Shelters
We’ll cover the basics of what to keep in your bunker here:
- Water – Make sure that your shelter is stocked with enough water to last for at least two weeks, but preferably much longer. Keep in mind that a single person can consume up to 100 gallons of water per day during daily life. To survive an emergency a person can get by on about 1 liter (1/4 gallon) per day, but at least 2 liters (1/2 gallon) is best.
- Extra Food – A significant amount of groceries and packaged goods may be required to sustain yourself, your loved ones, and others that you may care about or rescue. You may have needs that you never intended to have. That way, if the outside world is uninhabitable for an extended period, you and your loved ones will be just fine. Dried goods (Mountain House’s Offerings) are long-lasting and possibly your best investment. Beans, rice, whole grains, condensed or powdered milk, store bought, or self canned goods, and jerky are also good choices. The USDA offers guidelines for home food preservation if you decide to can or preserve your own foods. You may also want to consider MREs which are available at most surplus stores. A garden would be a huge plus!
- Cooking – Vegetable oils, salts, sugar, peppers, and spices.
- Sanitary Items – Be sure to have items like soap, hand sanitizer (best with at least 60 percent alcohol), disinfecting wipes, general household cleaning supplies, etc.
- Storage – Foil bags which have oxygen absorption, as well as a vacuum / heat sealing system with appropriate bags will help with preservation of critical items.
- Medical Supplies – Don’t forget a comprehensive first aid kit which includes basic aspirin, vitamins, and any prescription medications.
- Communications – In addition to everything else you will need communication devices. A HAM radio would be ideal if you are a licensed operator. Cell phone, text messaging, television, and internet services may be disrupted so consider keeping battery operated and hand crank radios which will function after a nuclear detonation.
- Defense – Don’t forget to include weapons (guns, knives, etc.) and ammunition as you will need to be able to defend yourself and your shelter against looters, raiders, and other threats.
- Bug Out Bags – It is prudent to have a bug out bag with essential supplies in each shelter and in each of your vehicles. One that you can grab quickly from your home or take with you when traveling.
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Taking Shelter from a Nuclear Attack When Traveling
Seeking a Nuclear Fallout Shelter
It is a good idea to also be prepared in case of emergency no matter where you may be. Many of us travel, or commute short or long distances to work, and back, go out to eat, the movies, etc. While commuting, identify appropriate facility to use as a bunker or nuclear shelters so you know where to go in the event of a detonation. Keep note of the best shelter locations near where you travel, or spend a lot of time, such as home, work, and school and also note each entrance. A brick or concrete house may be best if you are in a residential neighborhood. Areas which are 0utdoors, vehicles, and mobile homes typically are not built well enough to provide adequate shelter. If you have no alternative, use them.
If you are outdoors when a detonation or other disaster occurs, take cover from the direction of a blast. Get behind anything that might offer protection. Lie face down to protect exposed skin from the heat and flying debris. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you are inside a vehicle, stop as safely as possible and duck down as close as possible to the floor boards within the vehicle. If you are able gain entrance into a structure, find the basement or go closer to the center of the structure, most basements are well built and will serve as a bunker. If there is no basement and you are stuck on the ground or upper floors, take care to stay away from the outer walls and avoid the open areas of rooms under the roof, which could collapse. If you can keep yourself surrounded buy a door frame, or under a sturdy table or other structure that provides sufficient protection that would be ideal. Keep close to the ground. If you are with others, form a small group.
There will be a shockwave. If you are not in an adequate shelter to survive at that moment, then after the shock wave passes, get inside the nearest, best sheltered location for protection from fallout. You may have up to 10 minutes to find an adequate shelter, but time is of the essence so urgently find a better location to be inside before the fallout arrives. The highest outdoor radiation levels from nuclear fallout occurs immediately after the fallout arrives and settles, and then radioactivity decreases with time.
If you have a mask, put it on to avoid breathing dust or debris which may contain fallout. Remove any clothing which may have become contaminated and wipe off or wash down your unprotected skin if you were outside after the fallout arrived. Our advice would be to also help other occupants to do the same. Children under two years old, people who have trouble breathing, and those who are unable to remove masks on their own should only wear them temporarily, or not wear them at all. Note that hand sanitizer does not protect against radioactive fall out. Do not use disinfectant wipes and avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, and other exposed extremities.
Once inside a building and behind a closed door, stay inside, and if you have pets, keep them inside. Fallout will be the most dangerous in the first few hours of detonation. Try to seal any exterior door or windows. It will take some time for the fallout to settle back to ground level. Expect more than 15 minutes for the fallout to settle in areas outside of the immediate blast zones. Good preparation allows you to avoid unnecessary excursions.
AFTERMATH OF THE EXPLOSION (S)
Immediately after you are inside a shelter, take a moment to review and survey the stock of the materials on hand. It is important to ingest Potassium Iodide if available.
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If you may have been outside after the fallout arrived, carefully remove your outer layer of contaminated clothing to remove fallout and radiation from your body. If safe, dispose of your clothing. Bury it under earth, if possible. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, if possible. Take a shower or wash with soap and water to remove fallout from any skin or hair that was not covered. Be sure to clean your feet well if you were wearing sandals, half-shoes, or flip-flops. If you cannot wash or shower, use a wipe or clean wet cloth to wipe skin or hair that was not covered. Keep in mind that hand sanitizer was not developed to protect against fallout. Do not use disinfectant wipes on your skin. Be careful to remove and avoid contaminated sand or soil.
Bathe any pets that may have been outside after the fallout arrived. Be sure to brush your pet’s coat while wearing a to remove any fallout particles and wash your pet with soap and water, if available.
It is safe to eat or drink packaged foods from inside a building. However, it would be prudent to not consume food or liquids that were outdoors exposed or uncovered, and may be contaminated by fallout. Especially those in an outdoor garden.
If you are sick or injured, and need medical attention, listen for instructions on how and where to get medical attention when authorities tell you it is safe to exit. Try to contact your healthcare provider for instructions, if possible. If you are at a public shelter, immediately notify the staff at that facility so they can summon first responders, or arrange transport to a local hospital or clinic. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 91-1.
If you have power or battery-powered devices, you may want to tune into available media for information on area damage, and any directions from first responders or other officials.
Stay tuned for updated instructions from emergency response officials. If you are advised to evacuate, listen carefully for information about routes, shelters, and procedures. Write down anything that may be hard to recall.
If telecommunications systems are still operational, engage virtually with your friends or other members of the community through web-conference and/or phone calls.
Know that it’s normal to feel anxious or stressed during a traumatic event.
If you have evacuated any areas in the public domain, such as your central office of work, do not return until you are told it is safe to do so by local officials.
Eventually you will be able to travel to stores or shops for additional supplies.
And finally, to wrap things up, make sure you have a plan to survive. It will be worth the cost. You should know exactly what you and your loved ones need to do in the event of a nuclear attack. That way, everyone will know what their roles are and how they can best help the group survive.
It is difficult for some to have space for separate nuclear shelters or to be able to afford stocking up on necessities. For those who can afford it, and have the space, making the recommended essential purchases and slowly building up supplies in advance (prepping) will allow for longer survival in emergencies. If you are abundantly prepared, it will allow you to help protect those who are unable to procure essential items.
The bottom line is if you have the space, and the resources to construct a nuclear blast and fallout shelter, it’s definitely worth considering building one at your home. It is such a great option to have for survival if a nuclear war, or intense civil unrest, does break out and you want to be as prepared as possible. Even half prepared is better than no preparation at all!
Hopefully, this guide has given you some ideas on how to get started. Thanks for reading!